by Elder A. B. Traina


     Statesmen are weighing the possibilities of "a United States of Europe." The radio repeats "a United States of Europe." Newspapers reiterate "a United States of Europe." Authors and magazine writers who formulate the thoughts of the public all advocate "Union Now."

     Certain Bible students say: "Impossible, not in the plan. As iron does not mix with clay, neither will the German, Italian, English, Jewish, French, Spanish and Greek peoples ever become a federation."

     But what does the Bible itself say? It says that such a union WILL take place, and that subsequently the kingdoms of this world will become the kingdom of Yahweh and His anointed (Revelation 11:15). Furthermore in regard to the three great empires of history it says, "I will overturn, overturn, overturn it, and it shall be not more until He comes whose right it is, and I will give it [to] Him," (Ezekiel 21:27).

Union Versus Decentralization

     In order to get true perspective of the present-day impulse toward union and to understand how and why union will once more be accomplished, it is necessary to look briefly into the record of early empires and to identify the people who formed them. Throughout the centuries, history has repeated itself in the two opposing movements of union and centralization for strength, on the one hand, and rebellion against, and eventual overthrow of, the resulting government with its attendant abuse of highly-centralized power.

     The Medo-Persian Empire came into being by the union of the separate peoples who, as a minority, had been enslaved by Assyria. Having centralized control under Cyrus, these Medes and Persians assimilated territories previously held by Assyria and Babylonia. The Grecian Empire developed from union, under the Macedonian Alexander, of separate Greek city-states which had been continually attacking each other or had been attacked by the Persians. Power having been centralized under Alexander, the Greek Empire assimilated territories previously held by the Medo-Persian Empire then declining. Finally, the Roman Empire was formed by the expedient union of the "Italian" states together with an assimilation of the various parts of Alexander's empire. And in the later years of "Pax Romana," control was extended to much new territory by large-scale wars of conquest. The Roman Empire, in turn, was broken and divided by successive waves of barbarian invaders, whose descendants today are the separate nations of Europe. These present-day descendants of those invaders are the basis of the current unrest in that unhappy continent. This much is accepted secular history. The Bible clearly prophesies that these warring peoples--now far more numerous--will again repeat history by gathering together and appointing themselves one head who will be "that man of sin," the anti-Messiah.

The Prophecies of Daniel

     In the Book of Daniel we have at least three separate apocalyptical pictures giving the answer to this perplexing question of a European federation. One vision was given to Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, who was anxious about the future of the great empire he had built (Daniel 2:31-35). The other two (Daniel 7:1-28; 8:1-27) were given to Daniel on different occasions. But in studying these three visions we find them to be three expressions of the same idea. "By the mouth of two or three witnesses every word shall be established" is written of Yahweh's method of confirming His Word to his servants.

     In Nebuchadnezzar's dream of the colossal image, we find not a succession of Gentile (Japhetic) empires, but an end of those and the beginning of a new series of empires. These had within themselves the seed of deterioration. This seed was sin continuing in Yahweh's people, Israel. King Nebuchadnezzar went to sleep with an agitated mind, thinking about the future of his great empire. In answer to his troubled thoughts, Yahweh gave him a dream, as the result of which he awoke with a start. Sleep left him and fear took hold of him. Neither the dream nor any understanding of it remained with the kind, but he was filled with apprehension. He called for help, summoning the magicians, astrologers, sorcerers and Chaldeans and commanded them to recount his dream and the interpretation of it.

     We all know what happened They could do neither, since the dream was not for the benefit of the Gentile king nor his people, but for the two families which Yahweh had chosen (Jeremiah 33;24), Judah and Israel. This dream was to be the charter of Israel in their westward march of successive empires which are to end when Yahweh succeeds them with His empire, or world kingdom, that shall have no end. No wonder then that the "Babylonian Brain Trust" could not solve King Nebuchadnezzar's problem. This made him so furious he would accept no alibis, though many were offered. He ordered mass execution of all the pretenders to occult wisdom and "dunghill prophets." This order included even the wise-men-in-the-making; not only the faculty of the Babylonian institution of learning, but also the student body in which were the four Hebrews, Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah.

     Daniel knew his Maker, Yahweh Elohim, and with his three countrymen held a prayer meeting, received a revelation and followed it with a praise meeting. Daniel then asked to see the king, feeling confident that the revelation he had just received from Yahweh was true.

     The king knew Daniel, and his  hope revived when he saw the young Hebrew. He said, "Art thou able to make known unto me the dream I have seen and the interpretation thereof?" Daniel answered that the kings' demands were beyond the accomplishment of man, "but," he added, "there is an Elohim in heaven who revealeth secrets and will reveal to the king what shall befall in the latter days, Here is the dream":

"Thou, O king, sawest, and behold, a great image. This great image whose brightness was excellent, stood before thee: and the form thereof was terrible. This image's head was of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass, his legs of iron, his feet part iron and part clay. Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet that were of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces. Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver and the gold, broken to pieces together and became like the chaff of the summer threshing floors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth. "This is the dream; and we will tell the interpretation thereof before the king: Thou, O king, art a King of kings for the Elohim of Heaven hath given thee an empire, power and strength and glory. And wheresoever the children of men dwell, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the heaven hath He given into thine hand, and hath made thee ruler over them all. Thou art his head of gold. "And after thee shall arise another empire inferior to thee, and another third empire of brass, which shall bear rule over all the earth. "And the fourth empire shall be strong as iron: forasmuch as iron breaketh all these, shall it break in pieces and bruise. And whereas thou sawest the feet and toes part of potter's clay and part of iron, the empire shall be divided; but there shall be in it of the strength of the iron, forasmuch as thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay. And as the toes of the feet were part of iron, and part of clay, so the empire shall be partly strong and partly brittle. "And whereas thou sawest iron mixed with miry clay, they shall mingle themselves with the seed of men: but they shall not cleave one to another, even as iron is not mixed with clay. "And in the days of these kings shall the Elohim of heaven set up an empire which shall never be destroyed; and the empire shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms and it shall stand for ever. "Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver and the gold, the great Elohim hath made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter; and the dream is certain, and the interpretation thereof sure."   ~Daniel 2:36-48

     Here we have a clear-cut proposition. Either we must agree that Nebuchadnezzar did receive from Elohim the answer to his troubled questionings and accept the fact of Yahweh's revelation and of His program of predestined world affairs--especially where His chosen people are concerned--and we must also agree that this knowledge was obtained as a direct answer to a specific prayer of Daniel; or we must deny not only these, but also the well-known facts of secular history accepted everywhere.

Babylonian Empire

     Now let us analyze both the vision and the interpretation: First, we are told that the "Head of Gold" represents the Babylonian Empire.  Founded by Nimrod (Genesis 10:8-11) and enlarged to include all of Assyria, Babylon then became a mere province in what we know as the Assyrian Empire. But after the death of Sennecherib, Assyria began to wane. When degeneration began, accompanied by wars without and insurrection within the Assyrian Empire, Babylon declared its secession from Assyria and under Nebuchadnezzar II became the mightiest and richest empire of the East.

The Ten Tribes Enslaved - The Jews Free

     Nabopolassar, the father of Nebuchadnezzar II, had been the viceroy of Assyria in the province of Babylon and had entered into a secret alliance with enemies of the Assyrian Empire. Within this "fifth column" was a goodly portion of the ten tribes of Israel who had been shifted "en masse" from Samaria to Media (II Kings 17:6) and were smarting under the yoke of slavery. The viceroy caused the marriage of his son Nebuchadnezzar II to the daughter of the Median Cyaxeres. These "Medes" joined by other groups of enslaved Israelites in other portions of the empire were waiting an opportunity to strike for freedom. Historians have variously referred to these people as nomadic Shemites, Aryans and Scythians, but apparently do not recognize them as Israelites, though all historians agree that the enslaved ten tribes were transplanted to and distributed throughout the same area in which they find these peoples. In other words, exactly where the "ten lost tribes" of Israel disappear, there the Medes, Shemites, Aryans, Persians and Scythians are found! This opportunity to strike for freedom came when Sennecherib invaded Judah and suffered a mortal blow at the hand of Yahweh Elohim, who sent a mighty pestilence, as recorded in II Kings 19:35-36: "And it came to pass that night, that the angel of Yahweh went out and smote in the camp of the Assyrians an hundred fourscore and five thousand; and when they arose early in the morning, behold they were all dead corpses. So, Sennecherib, king of Assyria departed and went and returned and dwelt at Ninevah."

     There, in the words of H. G. Wells' Outline of History, Sennecherib was "killed by his sons."

     All this was the fulfillment of the word of Yahweh as spoken by Isaiah in 7:14 B.C., about ten years after the captivity of the ten tribes: "Yahweh of hosts hath sworn, saying, Surely as I have thought, so shall it come to pass; and as I have purposed, so shall it stand: that I will break the Assyrian in my land, and upon my mountains tread him under foot: then shall his yoke depart from off them and his burden depart from off their shoulders. This is the purpose that is purposed upon the whole earth and this is the hand that is stretched out upon all nations," Isaiah 14:25-26.

     This disaster visited upon the Assyrians was a signal to the enslaved Israelites in Media and Persia to rise up against their captors in fulfillment of the word of Yahweh, spoken also by Isaiah:

"For Yahweh will have mercy on Jacob, and will yet choose Israel, and set them in their own land: and the strangers shall be joined with them, and they shall cleave to the house of Jacob. And the people shall take them and bring them to their place: the house of Israel shall possess them in the land of Yahweh for servants and handmaids and they shall take them captives whose captives they were: and they shall rule over their oppressors. And it shall come to pass that in the day that Yahweh shall give thee rest from thy sorrow, and from thy fear, and from the hard bondage wherein thou was made to serve, that thou shalt take up this proverb against the kind of Babylon and say: "How hath the oppressor ceased! The Golden City ceased! Yahweh hath broken the staff of the wicked and the sceptre of the rulers. He who smote the people in wrath with a continual stroke, he that ruled the nations in anger, is persecuted and none hindreth," ~Isaiah 14:1-6

     Notice that after the emancipated ten tribes of Israel have had rest from the hard labor imposed upon them by their Assyria masters and from the hardships of the civil war by which they had gained their liberty, they were ready to deliver a taunting speech to the King of Babylon.

     With Israel striking from inside the empire and Nebuchadnezzar striking from outside, the mighty Assyrian Empire fell. Babylon became an independent state, while the emancipated Israelites took over the rule of those countries where they had been slaves, thus "taking them captive whose captives they were," and founded the Kingdom of Media and Persia-- "breast and arms of silver."

     Revolts culminating in 612 B.C. saw the end of the Assyrian empire. Under Nebuchadnezzar II a brief but brilliant renaissance developed in Babylon, but Babylon in turn succumbed to Cyrus, King of Persia, in 539 B.C. "The Persians [became] a new element in Oriental history," (From "A Guide to the Collections," World's Fair Edition, 1939, published by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Park I, p. 23).



     In the same year that the Ten Tribes of Israel regained their independence, Judah lost its independence to become captive of Babylon, since it lay in the path of Nebuchadnezzar marching in his conquest of Egypt. According to Yahweh's word (as related in Ezekiel 29:19), Egypt was to be given to Nebuchadnezzar in payment for services rendered in the destruction of Tyre; and as Judah had made an alliance with Egypt, it was necessary for Nebuchadnezzar to take Judea within a supervisory captivity. We must recognize, however, that he treated the Jews with kindness, and for this Yahweh showed His approval even revealing Himself to him on several occasions.

     But after the death of Nabopolassar's son, when Belshazzar, his grandson, came to power, the treatment of the Jews was reversed. A veritable Hitler came to the throne. He cared neither for the Jews, nor for Elohim, and showed his contempt for both (Daniel 5:1-4). This marks the beginning of the last days of the head of gold, but not of the latter days."

     No sooner did persecution of the Jews begin under Belshazzar, than the prayers of the persecuted began to ascend to the throne of Yahweh. Invariably when Yahweh's people pray, He answers,. And so in this case, first by giving Daniel a vision (Daniel 7, and second, by ordering emancipated Israel, at this time known by the name of Medes and Persians, to attack Babylon and set captive Judah free, as He had planned (Isaiah 14:3-4).

Medo-Persian Empire

     As Isaiah specifically states, those who had first liberated themselves frown Assyrian captivity were now going to set free their captive brethren, the Jews, from Babylon captivity:

"For the Eternal will have pity upon Jacob and once more take Israel as His own, setting them in their own country, where foreigners shall join them and attach themselves to the household of Jacob. "The household of Israel shall be conducted to their place by outside nations, and then shall hold them as slaves in the land of the Eternal, thus making captives of their former captors, and ruling over their oppressors. "Then shall it be that after the Eternal grants you relief from your agony and misery and the slavery you have had to suffer. "You shall raise this taunt-song against the King of Babylon, crying: How the tyrant is hushed and his mad rage hushed, the club of the godless the Eternal has crushed, the rod of the oppression. That beat the nations in a passion blow after blow, that enslaved races in a fury, and never let them go,"            ~Isaiah 14:1-6, Moffatt's Translation.

     The very tenor of the "taunting speech" supplies evidence that those Medes were fully aware of the relationship existing between themselves and those of the Babylonian captivity, in spite of the fact that so far as history has been concerned they were known as Medes and Persians, and by other names adopted in the westward march toward their promised destinations (II Samuel 7:10; I Chronicles 17:9; Isaiah 41:1; Genesis 49; Deuteronomy 33). For further corroboration of this, let us read, in the 13th chapter of Isaiah, a description of the assault on Babylon:

"For I have charged my chosen host to execute my wrath, my heroes have I summoned, my men of marital pride. Hark! a din among the mountains as of a mighty host. Hark! 'tis the uproar of empires, nations gathering; for Yahweh of hosts is mustering a battle array," Moffatt's Translation.

     Notice especially in these verses "my chosen host" (Israel) - "to execute my wrath, - my heroes have I summoned, my men of marital pride." Jeremiah calls Israel Yahweh's "battle ax," Jeremiah 51:19-24; and in the 11th and 28th verses of this same chapter, he actually refers to them by the name they bear in secular history, "Medes." In Isaiah 13:17, they are again called Medes; but these Medes are Israel, His battle axe with which He had promised to destroy this last successor to the empire of Nimrod.

     Let us go on to the next point in the program, Yahweh's answer to captive Judah's cry in Babylon, was the "handwriting on the wall" (Daniel 5:25-31) at Belshazzar's feast, which was followed by the destruction of the Babylonia Empire by ten tribes of Israel, known as Medes and Persians (538 B.C.), and the famous Edict of Cyrus liberating the Jews and making possible their return to Palestine. The fall of Babylon ended a succession of empires begun by Nimrod. Cyrus, named by Isaiah (Isaiah 44:28 and 45:1) sixty-five years before his birth, began a new line of empires-no longer Hamitic or Japhetic, but of pure Semitic stock--a Hebrew, Shem-Aryan line, which will end with the coming of the Messiah to establish an empire of righteousness that shall last forever.

Grecian Empire

     When the Medo-Persian Empire, the "breast and arms of silver," a union of Israelite tribes, had worn out its usefulness--when sin, corruption and tyranny had filled its cup, it began to decay and was in turn replaced by the Grecian Empire, another Israelite union or the "belly and thighs" of the Colossal Image of Nebuchadnezzar's dream. Before we discuss the overthrow of the Empire of Cyrus by the Greeks, let us consider the origin of these Mediterranean peoples who formed the nucleus of Alexander's Empire.

Early Settlers of the Mediterranean

     The early inhabitants of the Aegean Islands and the coastlands of the territory lying northeast of the Mediterranean were a portion of the descendants of Javan son of Japheth son of Noah (Genesis 10:2; as for the rest of the descendants of Javan, all evidence points to their having made their way to the Far East). In much the same way that the American Indian, another mongoloid group, were crowded off this continent by the oncoming waves of white settlers, so these early Javanites gave way before successive invasions of white men. These came variously from Egypt between the nineteenth and seventeenth centuries B.C., from Palestine between the fourteenth and eighth centuries B.C., and from Mesopotamia until about the fourth century A.D.

     About 1800 B.C., we find in Egypt a ruling dynasty of Pharaohs who were kind and fair in all their dealings. These were the Hyksos, or Shepherd Kings, a branch of the Semitic family. After several centuries these Shepherd Kings were either overthrown or they left Egypt of their own volition. You will recall that after the death of Joseph there arose another dynasty of Pharaohs who "knew not Joseph" (Exodus 23). At this time the Israelites became an enslaved people. The Hyksos were the builders of the Pyramids and the Sphinx; consequently they were known as Phenix-men or Phoenicians. Becoming noted for their ability as navigators, colonizers and international traders, they were also famous for their dyes, fabrics, metalwork and glassware and settled the coast of Syria, making Tyre and Zidon their headquarters. Their language was akin to the Hebrew having an alphabet consisting of twenty-two consonants as has Hebrew. They were a part of the main branch of the Hebrew race, laying the foundation for the Semitic civilization in Europe. Where the Hyksos disappear in history, the Phoenicians appear. These people were not unknown to the Israelites in Egypt, and when Moses brought them out of the Egyptian bondage, the malcontents among them joined the Phoenician traders as we shall see.

     When the children of Israel came out of Egypt and were acquiring Palestine, promised to their forefathers, they were fighting for possession of Ai, but were being worsted in battle. As the custom was, they cast lots to discover the sinner responsible for the reversal. The lot finally fell on Achan (see Joshua 7) of the house of Zarah. To save Israel and to purge this sin from camp, Achan was stoned. It was natural that his immediate family, the Zarah-ite portion of Judah did not relish the idea of capital punishment for one of their number. As a result, they separated themselves from the rest of Israel. Going to the coast, they joined the Phenix-men, or Phoenicians, and traveled northward and westward, colonizing as they went. They gave the paternal name to a colony they established in Sicily, calling it Zarah-gossa (founded approximately 1450 B.C.). They also gave the name to another colony they established in Spain. Traveling through the Straights of Gibraltar and going north, they colonized the British Isles, with trading posts in Ireland ad Cornwall, where the Phoenicians had begun to exploit the mineral resources.

While down at Greenwich, for slaves and tin,
The tall Phoenician ships stole in,
And North Sea war-boats, painted and gay,
flashed like dragon-flies Erith way;
And Norseman and negro, Gaul and Greek,
Drank with Britons in Barking Creek
And life was gay and the world was new,
And I was a mile across at Kew!
But the Roman came with a heavy hand,
And bridged and roaded and ruled the land,
And the Romans left and the Danes blew in--
And that's where your history-books begin!"
~The River's Tale, by R. Kipling

     Others of these Zarah-ite Jews intermingled with the Phoenicians in the Aegean Islands and also in Italy where they helped to build the city of Venezia or Phenezia, or as we know it today, Venice. They also established themselves in the Dardanelies, naming it after Darda, Zarah's fifth son (I Chronicles 2:6). These sons of Zarah were noted for their wisdom in all the nations round about but evidently not in Israel (see I Kings 4:31). These, too, helped to lay the foundation of the Semitic cultural civilization of the West by contributing the first contingent of Israelite blood destined to be not only the possessors of Western Europe, but, eventually, the rulers of the world. These early colonizers, the Hyksos and Zarahite Jews, are called by historians Phoenicians, Cretans, Etruscans, Iberians (Ibrews) and various other names.

     Evidence indicates that Ethan, one of these wise sons of Zarah, founded the city of Athens about the 15th century, B.C. This corresponds to the time that the Zarah-ites separated themselves from Israel because of the stoning of their kinsman, Achan. These Athenians were celebrated for their philosophy and literature, as well as other arts and sciences. They contributed so much to the embellishment of Athens that their pride made them personify its intellectual beauty, exalting it to the sky as Athene or Athens. Later this product of their imagination was deified and made into a goddess, an idol of worship. The Athenaeum, which was within the precincts of the temple of Athena, was the center of liberal arts, where poets read aloud their works and the wise gave forth their wisdom. Another son of Zarah was Heman, He did some pioneering in Sicily. After the Zarah-ites had built Zaragossa (Syracuse), their descendants had a dispute, and some of the inhabitants were exiled. These exiles left Syracuse about the seventh century B.C., and following the shore line, finally landed on the other side of the island and settled there. They built a city called Hemera after their ancestor. The writer of this article was born about twenty miles from this coastal city, Hemera, and has been particularly interested in discovering its authentic history. The city was razed to the ground about 409 B.C., some say by a terrific storm. Others say it was by an attack of the Greek forces, who were periodically raiding the inhabitants of the island. In any event, it was rebuilt two years later and called Thermea-Himerensia. Today it is called Termini Imerese. While these Zarah-ite Jews pioneered with the Phoenicians in and around the Mediterranean, they were soon joined by other Israelites of the Tribe of Dan and much later by descendants of Naphtali.

     When the land of Canaan was divided among the twelve tribes by Joshua, Dan was dissatisfied, and took the matter into his own hands (Joshua 19:47 and Judges 18:1). But in spite of the fact that he acquired by his own aggressiveness more than had been allotted him, the Danites never forgave their brethren for this fancied slight. Therefore when the children of Israel--rallied by Barak and Deborah--fought against Jabin, King of the Canaanites (Judges 4), Dan was not among the defenders of Israel's liberty (Judges 5:17). It appears, from the account in Judges 5:17, that some members of Dan's tribe had taken to navigation, having gone out to do a little colonizing of their own. This separation took place about 1296 B.C. It is at this time that historians tell us a people called Danaoi colonized the Aegean and Hellas, organizing a real navy. Strange indeed that where the Danites leave on their seafaring venture, a people should suddenly appear from nowhere to establish themselves in Greece, calling themselves Danaoi, yet having, supposedly, no connection with the chosen race! Even mythology says that these Danaoi were pursued by the sons of Aegyptus, surely an allusion to the Danites' having lately fled from Egypt.

     From the foregoing, we have seen that the Greek civilization started with Hebrew and Israelite blood. After several hundred years, during which Israel went through their varied experiences in the Promised Land, including civil war and the secession of the Ten Tribes, another contingent came over to join their relatives settled around the Mediterranean. As stated earlier in this paper, the Ten Tribes were carried to Assyria in mass transplantings by several Assyrian kings over a period of years. The earliest transfer was carried out about 760 B.C., when Tiglath-Pilesar invaded Samaria and took Ijon, Abelbeth-Maacha, Janoah, Kedesh, Hazor, Gilead and Galilee, all of the land of Naphtali and carried them to Assyria (see II Kings 15:29). There is no record of this people's ever having gone back to Samaria. Neither has any evidence nor record been found in the annals of the kings of Assyria to indicate that these people were detained there. What became of these captives? We know that in ancient times people gave their names to the lands they came to possess. Let us see therefore whether we can trace them by this principle. Take the name "Ijon," or "Iyon" as it is pronounced. This name appears as Ion, and the bearers of it gave it to the group of islands in the Aegean, "Ionia," and here they founded the celebrated Ionian culture that forms the very framework of our modern civilization. These Ionians and the Danites joined hands in the Aegean and cooperated in commercial traffic and colonizing enterprises that laid the foundations of a new empire. These activities of Ijon are describe din Ezekiel 27. The word "Javan" in verse 19 is not a true rendering. Notice that in the 13th verse Javan is joined with Tubal and Mosoch, the descendants of Japheth, but in verse 19 there was a different word which transcribers copied and the translators translated Javan instead of Iyon, as the context calls for. Further these are not joined with the Japhethites, who are described as dealing in slaves (verse 13, also Joel 3:6), but were joined with their Israelite brother, Dan. Both Dan and Naphtali, who was the father of Ijon, were sons of the same mother, Balhah. In Joel 3:6, the translators rendered the word Javan as Greece, contrary to all rule. Apparently it was to them a case of hit-or-miss.

     After Naphtali was taken away from Samaria (II Kings 15:29), these people did not come back home to Palestine, but apparently ransomed themselves out of the hands of the Assyrians and migrated westward, fulfilling the command of Deuteronomy 33:25, as explained in a previous paper. Take Abel-beth-Maacha, for instance. This was a city of Naphtali and meant meadow (Abel) of the house (beth) of Maacha. The former inhabitants of this city journeyed westward from the land of unrest and gave the old name to their new home, "the meadow of the house [Sala] of Maacha" in Spain. Salamanca still retains that name. Another of the cities of Naphtali was Hazor and the inhabitants of the city not only transplanted themselves to their destined coastlands (Isaiah 41:1) of the west, (Ai-Yam) but carried the name of their old city to give it to their new habitation. So today, we have the group of islands on the Atlantic which we call the Azores, but which the Portuguese and Spaniards still call by the original Hebrew name Hazors. The great southern port city of Italy gives evidence of having been founded by these Naphtalites. It cannot be coincidence that removing the letter "T" from Naphtali gives you Napali or Napoli, the Italian name for Naples. The next of these transplanted cities of Naphtali is Janoah. Don't change the sound of this word, but change the letter "J" into the same-sounding letter "G" and you have another of the transplanted cities of Naphtali, Genoa, the birthplace of the great navigator Columbus. Kedish is not to be neglected nor to go unremembered for she too, was carried over the land of the west, and corrupted into Cadiz, an important coastal city of Spain. All this was subsequent to the founding of Rome in 753 B.C.

     The familiar legend that Romulus and Remus were nursed by a wolf is a very interesting pictogram and, by exploring it, we find an important piece of information that historians have let slip through their fingers. In II Kings 1:27, we read of Pekah the son of Remaliah. (In the Roman Catholic Bible, this name is spelled Romaliah). This Romaliah, the father of Pekah, was perhaps also the director of his son's political ambitions. As we have already noticed, when these Naphtalites were take captive from their own land to Assyria, they did not stay there, but somehow ransomed themselves out of the hands of Senecherib and then--instead of returning to their ancestral home in Palestine--journeyed farther west. Now for the legend: Romulus and Remus were probably none other than Remaliah (or Romaliah) and his son, Pekah. They, accompanied by a goodly number of their tribal companions, were nourished by their brother, Benjamin, "The Wolf" (Benjamin, a wolf, see Genesis 49:27), the financial wizard of all the Israelite tribes. He it was who must have financed the enterprise of the pioneering Romaliah, the founder of the city of Rome. He called it Roma ("Rome") after its founder Romaliah, thus laying the foundation of what was destined to be the Roman Empire.

     While the city was named after Romaliah, the first King was Piccus (Pekah, his son) who was later deified and became the Italian god of agriculture. We have now identified the Hykosos, the Zarah-ite Jews, the Danites and the Ionians (Naphtalites) as a nucleus of Greek city-states existing simultaneously with Assyrian, Babylonian and Medo-Persian Empire, who encouraged emigration and colonization, with a view to extending its domain particularly toward the West. Cyrus followed the western migration with interest and extended to it the prerogative of taxation and his protection. This in time brought him into conflict with various Greek city-states, some of which he subjugated, bringing them under Medo-Persian rule.

     For many years these conditions existed. Meanwhile the Ionians, Aeolians, Dorians (Dardians, Dara-ions), Lydians, Macedonians, Trojans and Spartans, were busy building their separate city-states and quarrelling with each other when not fighting against their great Empire-neighbor to the east. Finally under the reign of the later rulers of the united states of the Medes and Persians, who became dictatorial and abused their power, the Empire began to decay. But this did not hinder Emperor Xerxes from attempting to subjugate the Greeks and to extend his control westward. But the Greeks, realizing that separated they could not hope to preserve independence, decided to federate, thereby presenting a united front against the eastern invader. So Philip of Macedon (Macedon--"The Mace of Dan"?) rallied them under his banner for liberty, "that the democratic form of government should not perish from the earth." Philip died without having accomplished his Pan-Hellenic dream, but his son Alexander continued his father's plans and at the early age of twenty, accomplished the impossible. Having demonstrated his military genius, he aroused the free Greek city-states, together with the dissatisfied unites of the Medo-Persian Empire, and thus succeeded in destroying the second portion of the Colossal Image of Nebuchadnezzar's dream, the "breast and arms of silver," representing the Medo-Persian Empire (corresponding to the two-horned ram of Daniel 8;3). This brought into being the third portion of the Colossal Image, the "belly and thighs of brass" (and the he-goat of Daniel 8:5), the united states of Greek Republics under the dictatorship of Alexander the Great.

     In this Empire we now have, not only the Ten Tribes transported into Assyria as slaves coming westward as freemen and conquerors, but we see them joining the others of the same race who went ahead of them and pioneered, making the land ready for their coming. "This is Yahweh's doing and it is marvelous in your eyes."

     Alexander had succeeded in uniting the free cities of Greece, and having conquered Darius III, became the head of the combined territory of Greece and the southern portion of what had been the Medo-Persian Empire, extending from the Aegean to India. Having no more worlds to conquer, Alexander settled down to enjoy the fruits of his victories. For six years he had undisputed possession of the empire; he created nothing new; this inertia was not good for him; he began to dissipate; idleness became his enemy, and conquered him. After a heavy drinking bout in Babylon, he was overcome by a sudden fever and died in a drunken stupor. Alexander left no heir to his throne and this was the fulfillment of the prophecy of Daniel 8:20 that the King of Grecia (Alexander) was to leave no heir, but that his kingdom was to be divided into four parts. This was done when it was divided among Alexander's four generals, Seleucus, Antigonas, Ptolomy and Lysimachus. It is from this weakening of Greece that Rome gathered its eastern momentous, as we shall see.



     Rome was ruled by kings for about 300 years, from its foundation to the setting up of the rule by consuls. At first two consuls were elected from among the patricians (Fathers or Elders, i.e., the nobility). Later this was changed by the uprising of the plebians to give them representation in the affairs of the state, so that one of the consuls was elected from the patricians and one from the plebians. Thus Rome became a republic, giving equal representation to the upper and lower classes.

     "The Roman Empire, unlike ['It was diverse from all the beasts that were before it'; Daniel 7:7] all preceding empires, was not the creation of a great conqueror; no Sargon, nor Thothmes, nor Nebuchadnezzar, nor Cyrus, nor Alexander, nor Chandragupta, was its fountainhead. It was a republic; it grew by a kind of necessity through new concentration and unifying forces that were steadily gathering power in human affairs," The Outline of History, H. G. Wells.

     Because other units of peoples round about were becoming a menace to Roman security, a union of Italian legions was set up, and eventually a united states of Rome was formed. As we have already seen, Italy had been populated by Iberians (Hebrews), Phoenicians (Hiksos), Zarahite Jews, Naphtalite Israelites, and so on, the very people H. G. Wells calls "Aryans, Keltics, Etruscaus and Nomadic Shemites"--and by some of the Trojans (Danites). These, in order to insure the continued existence of their liberties, combined forces and became united under the banner of Rome, with the Fascist Standard made up of the Battle Axe and a bundle of ten sticks bound together so that they could not be easily broken--prophetic of the ten tribes eventually to be gathered within its geographic boundaries.

     Notwithstanding this, the western division of Greece led by Pyrrus made incursions against the Romans from time to time. About 275 B.C., Pyrrus with his Greeks--after having defeated the Romans, turned his attention to subjugating Sicily. Carthage, fearing that to have the Greeks in Sicily was a threat to its own existence, made an alliance with Rome, and brought the sea power of Carthage against the Greeks. When the Carthaginian fleet appeared at the mouth of the Tiber, the Romans were encouraged to renew the struggle against the Greek Pyrrus and his forces, and defeated them. This was the signal for Roman eastern expansion. Slowly but surely Rome expanded south to northern Africa and Egypt, west to Spain and France, then east to Armenia, Mesopotamia, Palestine, and north to England. By A.D. 115, Rome had become the greatest empire that had ever existed. Little by little, power was delegated to the central government and eventually this concentration of power brought about a dictatorship. This fulfilled Daniel 7:23--"The fourth Beast shall be the fourth empire upon the whole earth and shall tread it down and shall break it in pieces." It also brings the Colossal Image of Nebuchadnezzar's vision down to the "legs of iron" as was prophesied, "The fourth empire shall be strong as iron; forasmuch as iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all things; and as iron that breaketh all these, shall it break in piece and bruise," (Daniel 2:4). I wonder if the reference in both of these scriptures to "breaking in pieces" does not refer to the eventual reducing of the empire to the toe stage, and the division into the "ten toes," spoken ob by Daniel in Chapter 2:41.

     In the foregoing, I have endeavored to present the reader a cumulative series of facts, and I offer them as evidence to establish a Hebraic-Israelite origin of the Roman Empire. These were but the forerunners of the other migrations of their brethren yet in the East that were still to come. We have seen how the many Italian states being compelled by fear of a superior power, joined themselves together and eventually formed a united states of Roman provinces, which later through expansion and concentration of power became a mighty empire.

     Next, I intend to show that with the coming of the barbarians (Barb-aryans) their Israelite brothers from the East, the centralized power of Rome was broken--not to be replaced by another World Empire, but to remain divided so that each group of invaders, or tribe, could inherit a portion in which to establish itself with a home base, from which to go forth and colonize, to create not one empire, but seven, as we shall see. These seven are to continue to exist until the time of the end, when once more through a world-wide emergency, they will be compelled to unite in a united states of white racial units to form the last beast power described in Daniel and Revelation, in turn to be destroyed and replaced by the Universal Kingdom of Yahweh and His Anointed Ones.

The Ten Barbarian Tribes

     We ended the preceding section by tracing Nebuchadnezzar's vision of the Colossal Image to the stage of the fourth empire, or the "legs of iron" (Daniel 2:33, 40). We conclude with the Roman Empire at its zenith of power. In this section we will view the reduction of this fourth empire to the toe stage or its disintegration adn the division into the ten toes, or its component parts, the Ten Tribes of Israel. This will also conform to the vision of Daniel, as record in 5:6&8.

     The Roman Empire in its glory, having centralized its power in the Chief Magistrate, made him Emperor-Dictator. This power in the hands of one man brought abuses. With the increase of power came increased arrogance; and while the masses either through fear or favor supported this condition, the better classes abhorred it, and were ready to welcome any movement that would break such concentration of power, even though it meant the breaking up of the union, in order to eliminate such totalitarian tyranny. Eventually these internal rumblings grew more distinct, and dissatisfaction grew more manifest. In the Fourth Century A.D., after the death of Constantine the Great, the empire was divided into two parts, the western portion with its capitol at Rome and the eastern portion with its capitol at Constantinople. This division conformed to the scriptural symbol of the two legs of the Colossal image of Nebuchadnezzar's vision. The death knell had sounded; the divided Empire could no longer fight off the incursions made on it by the Franks, the Allamanni, and the Goths, especially when these outside attacks were welcomed by the better classes in the Empire, who disapproved the corruption and arrogance of dictators. The "fifth column" undoubtedly did some boring from within. This weakened the strength of Rome so as to make it easy for the rest of the invading hordes of barbarian (Barb-Aryans), so that by the seventh century the great Empire of Rome had succumbed to the ravages of the Angles, Goths, Huns, Allamanni, Longobards (Long-beards), Herulli, Vandals, Suevi, Burgundians and Franks. These so-called barbarians (Bearded-Aryans) had dwelt in that portion of the old Medo-Persian Empire that the Romans did not assimilate--in what is known to history as the northern forest belt, or the Black Forest, stretching from Germany to Turkesian north of the Caucasus. From there wave after wave of marauding tribes entered into western Europe to challenge the might of the Roman Empire.

     It is not the purpose here to give a detailed history of the decline ad fall of the Empire of the Caesars. It is enough to say that the ten different tribal waves of invaders finally succeeded, not only in destroying the flower of the Roman Empire, but also, in dividing it among themselves as was forecast by the vision of Nebuchadnezzar in that portion described as the ten toes of the Colossal Image.

     These waves of so-called barbarians were in fact the bulk of the Ten Tribes of the Israelites, left in what had been the northeastern part of the Medo-Persian Empire. These now came west in fulfillment of the prophetic program which Yahweh had planned. Therefore the westward urge moving them to their eventual destinations! Consider the final symbol in that prophetic image recorded in Daniel 2--the legs of iron, the two divisions of the Roman Empire, as they are now divided into the ten toes of the feet. The ten toes are the ten divisions into which the empire was divided, according to the prophecy.

     "And where as thou sawest the feet and the toes, part of the potter's clay, and part of iron, the empire shall be divided; but there shall be in it of the strength of iron, forasmuch as thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay. And as the toes of the feet were part of iron and part of clay, so the empire shall be partly strong and partly broken," (marginal reference: brittle or fragile).

     This verse has been very obscure and has baffled many Bible students, but, if we read the last word in Daniel 2:42, as "fragile," or "easily-broken," instead of "broken" most of the difficulty disappears when we take into consideration that from the arrival of these waves of incoming tribes, Europe became a "free for all." Many superficial boundaries were created; and as one writer puts it, "How countless the nations which swam forth, in mingling indistinct hordes, constantly changing the geographical limits, incessantly confounding the natural boundaries." Many changes have taken place on the face of what was once the Roman Empire--some of these in our own times. We have seen nations appear like mushrooms, only to disappear as quickly as they came. The disintegration of the Roman Empire caused by these hordes left iron (strong and unbreakable) and clay (weak) to become pawns in the hands of the mighty and to be exploited by them at will. These weak "clay" nations, being easily broken, appear and disappear at the whim and will of the strong "iron" nations, while the latter grow and develop into powerful empires.

"Whereas thou sawest iron nixed with nary clay, they shall mingle themselves with the seed of men, but they shall not cleave one to another, even as iron is not mixed with the miry clay." ~Daniel 2:43

     In the history of the nations that developed from the disintegration of the Roman Empire, many attempts have been made to maintain the status quo, but with no success. Intermarriage (mingling themselves with the seed of man) has been the standard practice between the royal families of Europe, in an effort to keep peace, and at the same time, to obtain protection for the weaker nations, so as to perpetuate their existence. In spite of all their attempts, they have failed as the scripture said they would, because iron does not mix with clay. Competition among rival forces has been, and is still, going on; the small nations striving for mastery, locked in life and death struggles. In all human endeavors we must remember the old says, "Man proposes and Yahweh disposes." Long ago, the final boundaries of the Israel people were drawn, and in spite of their desire to establish their own boundaries, we read in the Scriptures:

"When the Most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when He separated the sons of Adam, He set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of Israel." ~Deuteronomy 32:8

     The historical barbarians did not come to put an end to the Roman Empire with the idea of replacing it with another world empire, but to divide it so that each of them could inherit a portion in which to establish itself a home from whence to go froth colonizing and developing the lands of the backward races, especially those of the Hamitic peoples whose territory was to be developed by Shemitic genius, acording to Genesis 9:26.

     Judging from the Jacobic blessing of Genesis 49, and the Mosaic blessing of Deuteronomy 33, the division of the patrimony of the Ten Tribes appears to be as follows: Reuben-France; Simeon-Wales; Zebulon-the Teutonic group; Issachar-the Slavic Block; Dan-Southern Ireland; Gad-Scotland; Asher-Holland, Belgium and Switzerland-the peace block; Naphtali-the Latin Block; Ephraim-the British Empire; Manasseh-the United States of America.

     Some readers will criticize the statement that the United States is part of the division of the Roman Empire. However, the United States is not considered here as part of the geographical empire, but as part of the invading force which disintegrated it, and later developed farther west. Do not forget that the United States is only a little over one hundred and fifty years old, nor that this hemisphere was not discovered until the Fifteenth Century A.D. The Roman Empire broke up between the third and seventh centuries A.D. and, therefore, the ancestors of Manasseh, the tribe destined to inherit this land, and to found this western empire, were with the original invaders and dividers of the Old Roman Empire and, as such formed a part of the original invading tribes. As for the other three tribes of original Israel, they were disposed of as follows: Levi, who was the priest, received no landed portion outside the Temple area and was to be dispersed among all the tribes, to be educators of Israel according to his Patrimony (Deuteronomy 10:9 and 18:1-2). Judah and Benjamin were joined into one nation under Rehoboam (see II Kings 12:21) and they have remained so until now. They are known to us as the Jews. These two tribes, or the Jews as we know them, after the next World Peace Conference will emerge as a national entity, will prove to be the Two Horned Beast of Revelation 13, and will yet play a part toward the unification of the united states of the white races of the world, or what the Scripture describes as the Seven-Headed, Ten-Horned Beast.

     The small nations that have intermittently appeared and disappeared will soon be eliminated, to encumber the ground no more. They will be swallowed up by the big nations, probably something along this line: The Baltic group with the Slavic Block, the Scandinavian group with the Teutonic block and the non-Slavic group of the Balkans with the Latin Block. Nevertheless these seven Empire nations shall endure: England, Germany, France, Italy, Holland-Belgium-Switzerland, the United States, and the last to be formed but not the least,--a union of Slavic States, whatever the name, under the protective influence of Germany. This last will be formed by divorcing the white Russians, the Ukrainians, and kindred peoples form the U.S.S.R., and uniting them with the rest of the Slavic nations to form a single group. Then these seven empire nations will federate in one great combination forming a United States of white (Aryan) nations of the world.

     We have scriptural bases for these statements. Look in the Book of Daniel, and read,

"And after this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth; it devoured and brake in pieces and stamped the residue with the feet of it;' and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns. And I considered the horns, and behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots; and behold in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man and a mouth speaking great things."      ~Daniel 7:7-8

     The first part of the seventh verse describes the Roman Empire in the zenith of its power. The last part shows its division by the ten tribes as symbolized by the ten horns which eventually developed out of the beast. This division was not completed until after the seventh century A.D. This ten-fold division continued many years in unsettled geographical demarcations, but eventually each ethnological or tribal group gravitated toward its prophetic designation and finally the principal ones settled in their home bases. From this point they begin to develop as typified: ten horns coming out of the beast. One little horn (Ephraim) from his island home, rose up to uproot these three horns (tribes) nearest to him--Gad in Scotland; Simeon in Wales; Dan in Ireland (leaving but seven to develop into independent units).

     Besides the Scriptural or prophetic evidence for the above statement, one phase of physical evidence remains: here are three separate peoples with distinct cultures, languages and characteristics, who at one time existed as three separate and distinctive kingdoms, but which have been uprooted and regimented under the Union Jack without losing their individuality. This was the initial step toward what eventually became the British Empire. It is out of this little horn that the final world dictator will come (Daniel 7:8; Revelation 13:5). Other tribes also developed in the course of the ages, each one becoming an Empire in its own right; altogether seven empire nations as we see them today. Behold the wonder of prophecy, a beast with ten horns (tribes) but seven heads (empires). This symbol is multiplied four times: Daniel 7:7; Revelation 12:3; Revelation 13:1; and Revelation 17:1,7. In Daniel 7:7, it is shown in a divided state. In Revelation 13 it is still divided, but in the process of unification after it receives its mortal wound. And in Revelation 12:3 and 17:1-7 it is shown in its unified state, the United States of the white nations of the world. This apostate Ten Tribes of Israel united politically in the Beast or union of empires, and ecclesiastically in the unified Christian Church headed in the Church of Rome (Revelation 17:3-4). In Revelation 17 we read: "The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and it shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition; and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, yet is," (Revelation 17:8).

     Let us examine this verse. "The beast that thou sawest was," the former Roman Empire, "and is not," that is, it was disintegrated, broken up, or went into chaotic condition, "and it shall ascend out of the bottomless pit (literally "chaos), that is come back again in a unified state from the disintegration of 1400 years, and then "go into perdition" (be so completely destroyed that it will never be remembered),. The remainder of this verse describes the inability of the natural mind to conceive such a possibility. A European federation? "Impossible," they say. Yet Yahweh has spoken, and it shall come to pass.

     The democratic nations are fighting hard to keep this from happening, by maintaining many small nations and by trying to break up large nations into smaller units, so that those which have may keep others from having economic self-sufficiency. But it will not work. Necessity will eliminate the smaller nations from the next political setup. The day of small nations is past. Aggregation, and not segregation, is the order of the day.

     The present struggle in Europe will not end with victor and vanquished. It will end with elimination of the small nations and the dividing of spheres of influence among seven empire nations, who are the ten horns, or tribes of Israel. This will not be settled on the battlefield, but at the conference table--along ethnological or tribal lines. And then, to avoid a recurrence of the former chaos, a federation will be founded of Aryan, or Shemitec, peoples of the world having the Hamitic (black) races subservient. The Japhetic (Gentile or yellow-brown) race will be excluded. The Asiatics, in turn, will form a union of Mongolid races headed by Gog (Ezekiel 38). Propagandists even now, through peace organizations, editorialists and pamphleteers are busy formulating public opinion in favor of a federal union of nations,. Sentiment for this trend of world affairs is steadily gaining toward such a combination--toward a powerful and "invulnerable" union of nations that will be able to enforce its will on its constituents even as the Scripture says, "who is like unto the beast [Empire], and who is able to make war with him?"--Or it, Revelation 13:4.

     This will come to pass, not as proposed by man, but as ordained by Yahweh. For further important details, consult your daily newspaper.